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Incidence and time trends of cancer in Cyprus over 11 years (1998-2008)

Abstract

Cyprus maintains a population-based cancer registry that allows for in-depth study of cancer in a culturally and environmentally unique setting. Using 11 years of collected data (1998-2008), we present the first comprehensive analysis of cancer in Cyprus. We calculated gender-specific, world age-adjusted incidence rates and time trends for the 26 most incident cancers. This study revealed that overall world age-standardized rates among men increased from 195.4 cases per 100,000 in 1998-2002 to 239.0 cases per 100,000 in 2006-2008. For the entire 11-year period, prostate, lung, colorectal and bladder cancers were the most incident cancers among men. Among women, the overall world age-standardized rate increased from 180.6 cases per 100,000 in 1998-2002 to 217.1 cases per 100,000 in 2006-2008. Over the entire period, breast, colorectal, uterine and thyroid cancers were the most incident cancers in women. There were 16 sex-specific cancers showing statistically significantly increasing incidence trends over the study period and no types for which the rate was significantly decreasing. Thyroid cancer illustrated rapid increases in rates. Results were compared to other Mediterranean European registries using the Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents reports for 1997-2002. Overall cancer incidence in Cyprus is lower than that of many southern Mediterranean countries, and given the known environmental risk factors in Cyprus, the low rate of lung cancer is especially interesting. The epidemiologic patterns reported in this study open the door for future etiologic studies to elucidate the role of environmental and lifestyle factors in this population and highlight opportunities for cancer prevention and control.

Tumori 2015; 101(1): 8 - 15

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/tj.5000204

Authors

Mary Cooter, Amr S Soliman, Pavlos Pavlou, Anna Demetriou, Chloe Orphanides, Evie Kritioti, Mousumi Banerjee, Paraskevi A Farazi

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: Mary Cooter was supported in part by the Cancer Epidemiology Education in Special Populations (CEESP) Program of the University of Nebraska (R25 CA112383). In addition, she received financial support from the University of Nicosia during her field work in Cyprus.
Conflict of interest: None.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI - USA
  • University of Nebraska College of Public Health, Omaha, NE - USA
  • Cyprus Cancer Registry, the Ministry of Health, Nicosia - Cyprus
  • Mediterranean Center for Cancer Research, Nicosia - Cyprus
  • University of Nicosia, Nicosia - Cyprus

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