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Expression of CBY and methylation of CBY at promoter region in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma

Abstract

Aims and Background

Chibby (CBY), a β-catenin binding partner, inhibits Wnt/β-catenin-mediated transcriptional activation by competing with Tcf/Lef factors for β-catenin binding and promoting the export of β-catenin from nucleus to cytoplasm. The regulatory effect of CBY in this signaling pathway suggests its biological importance as a potential tumor suppressor gene. The purposes of this study were to determine whether the expression of CBY was downregulated in human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) samples, the CpG sites of CBY at the promoter region were methylated in these tumor samples, and reduced expression of CBY was induced by methylation of CBY promoters.

Methods

CBY expression was investigated by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry in samples from 36 LSCC patients. The methylation status of the CBY promoter was detected by methylation-specific PCR.

Results

Compared with normal laryngeal mucosa, the expression of CBY was downregulated in LSCC samples. The reduced CBY expression rate was 58.33% (21/36) at the mRNA and 66.67% (24/36) at the protein level. The promoters of CBY were methylated in 12/36 tumor samples, partially methylated in 5, and unmethylated in 19 samples. The methylation rate including incomplete methylation was 47.22% (17/36) in tumor samples, while no methylation was detected in normal laryngeal squamous epithelium. Compared with the unmethylated group, the expression of CBY was significantly different in the methylated group (p<0.05) but similar in the partially methylated group (p>0.05).

Conclusions

Our data indicate that CBY expression was downregulated in LSCC, which may be partially caused by methylation of CBY promoters.

Tumori 2015; 101(2): 215 - 222

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/tj.5000242

Authors

Gang Ren, De-an Zhao, Jue Xu, Bo-an Li

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: This study was supported by grants from the Foundation of Huzhou Bureau of Science and Technology (No. 2013GY25).
Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Otolaryngology, the First People’s Hospital of Huzhou, Huzhou, Zhejiang - China
  • Department of Otolaryngology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Huzhou Teachers College, Huzhou, Zhejiang - China
  • Department of Otolaryngology, the 174th Hospital of PLA, Xiamen, Fujian - China
  • State Key Laboratory of Cellular Stress Biology, School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian - China

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