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Safety and efficacy of dose-dense chemotherapy with TCF regimen in elderly patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dose-dense TCF in elderly (≥65 years) compared to younger patients.

Methods

Safety and efficacy data relative to 119 consecutive patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastric cancer treated at our institution and enrolled in different phase II trials were retrospectively collected. All patients were treatment-naive and received docetaxel 70 mg/m2 day 1, cisplatin 60 mg/m2 day 1, l-folinic acid 100 mg/m2 days 1-2, followed by 5-fluorouracil 400 mg/m2 bolus days 1-2, and then 600 mg/m2 as a 22-hour continuous infusion days 1-2, every 14 days, plus pegfilgrastim 6 mg on day 3. Sixty patients (50%) aged ≥65 years received the same schedule with a dose reduction by 30%.

Results

A total of 86% of patients were evaluable for response and all for toxicity. In patients aged ≥65 years, we observed an overall response rate of 51%. Median overall survival was 11.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 7.3-15.1) and 11.8 months (95% CI 9.2-16.2) in elderly and younger patients, respectively. In the elderly patients, the most frequent grade 3-4 toxicities were neutropenia (13%), leukopenia (7%), thrombocytopenia (18%), anemia (3%), and febrile neutropenia (8%); in the younger patients, neutropenia (56%), leucopenia (31%), thrombocytopenia (22%), anemia (15%), and febrile neutropenia (15%).

Conclusions

Elderly patients can be safely treated with a dose-dense TCF regimen with a 30% dose reduction achieving similar efficacy results as younger patients with lesser toxicity.

Tumori 2017; 103(1): 93 - 100

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/tj.5000556

Authors

Wanda Liguigli, Gianluca Tomasello, Laura Toppo, Rossana Poli, Silvia Lazzarelli, Federica Negri, Bruno Perrucci, Alessandra Curti, Matteo Brighenti, Gianvito Donati, Morena Nazzari, Mario Martinotti, Marco Vismarra, Massimo Rovatti, Rodolfo Passalacqua

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.

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Authors

Affiliations

  •  Medical Oncology Division, Azienda Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona, Cremona - Italy
  •  General Surgery Division, Azienda Istituti Ospitalieri di Cremona, Cremona - Italy

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