Tumori 2017; 103(6): 504 - 510
Article Type: REVIEW
AuthorsFusco, Vincenzo Parisi, Salvatore d’Andrea, Barbara Troiano, Michele Clemente, Maria Antonietta Morelli, Franco Caivano, Rocchina Guglielmi, Giuseppe
The growing incidence of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) raises many questions about the management of these patients. The late clinical presentation, the presence of locally advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis, the difficulty of radical surgical excision, and radioresistance make it one of the more challenging tumors to treat. The primary objective of this article is to propose an updated and critical review of the role of radiotherapy (RT) in the treatment of RCC.
This literature review is based on data from meta-analyses and randomized, prospective, and retrospective studies. We collected reports from 1970 to the present about preoperative RT, postoperative RT, stereotactic body RT, radiosurgery, and intraoperative RT in locally advanced renal cancer and in metastatic diseases.
We emphasize the progress made in RT technology that allowed the creation of a more personalized and focused treatment with a minimum rate of complications.
In the coming years, new studies will be published to confirm and increase the indications for use of RT.
- • Accepted on 18/04/2017
- • Available online on 06/06/2017
- • Published in print on 23/11/2017
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