To study the immunohistochemical expression of CD74 in series of invasive breast carcinomas classified according to their estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) immunoprofile and explore its correlation to Nottingham Prognostic Index (NPI) and tumor pathologic stage to determine if it has a prognostic value.
A total of 160 cases of mammary carcinoma were classified broadly according to their ER, PR, and HER2 expression into luminal, HER2-positive, and triple-negative groups. The NPI was calculated and pathologic stage was recorded for each individual case and cases were classified into different prognostic groups. The CD74 expression was evaluated immunohistochemically and correlated to different prognostic variables.
The CD74 immunohistochemical expression in invasive breast carcinoma was significantly higher in triple-negative tumors, higher tumor grades, presence of lymph nodal metastasis, higher tumor stages, and higher NPI scores.
The CD74 might be a useful prognostic indicator predicting poor outcome of patients with breast carcinoma. Its consistent expression in triple-negative breast carcinomas points to the need of further studies to test the possibility if it can be targeted in treatment of breast carcinoma, especially in such groups.
Tumori 2017; 103(2): 193 - 203
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
AuthorsEiman Adel Hasby, Rana Adel Khalifa
- • Accepted on 02/09/2016
- • Available online on 02/11/2016
- • Published in print on 24/03/2017