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Expression of CD74 in invasive breast carcinoma: its relation to Nottingham Prognostic Index, hormone receptors, and HER2 immunoprofile

Expression of CD74 in invasive breast carcinoma: its relation to Nottingham Prognostic Index, hormone receptors, and HER2 immunoprofile

Tumori 2017; 103(2): 193 - 203

Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

DOI:10.5301/tj.5000562

Authors

Eiman Adel Hasby, Rana Adel Khalifa

Abstract

Purpose

To study the immunohistochemical expression of CD74 in series of invasive breast carcinomas classified according to their estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) immunoprofile and explore its correlation to Nottingham Prognostic Index (NPI) and tumor pathologic stage to determine if it has a prognostic value.

Methods

A total of 160 cases of mammary carcinoma were classified broadly according to their ER, PR, and HER2 expression into luminal, HER2-positive, and triple-negative groups. The NPI was calculated and pathologic stage was recorded for each individual case and cases were classified into different prognostic groups. The CD74 expression was evaluated immunohistochemically and correlated to different prognostic variables.

Results

The CD74 immunohistochemical expression in invasive breast carcinoma was significantly higher in triple-negative tumors, higher tumor grades, presence of lymph nodal metastasis, higher tumor stages, and higher NPI scores.

Conclusions

The CD74 might be a useful prognostic indicator predicting poor outcome of patients with breast carcinoma. Its consistent expression in triple-negative breast carcinomas points to the need of further studies to test the possibility if it can be targeted in treatment of breast carcinoma, especially in such groups.

Article History

Disclosures

Financial support: No financial support was received for this submission.
Conflict of interest: None of the authors has conflict of interest with this submission.
Meeting presentation: This work has been accepted as poster presentation in the XXXI International Congress of the International Academy of Pathology and the 28th Congress of the European Society of Pathology that will be held, from 25 September to 29 September 2016, in the KölnMesse in Cologne, Germany.

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Authors

Affiliations

  • Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta - Egypt

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